Current funding for the RLMS is provided by the Higher School of Economics and the US National Institutes of Health via a subcontract from Cornell University. Earlier funding came from an array of organizations including: United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the Pension Fund of the Russsian Federation, SIDA, Vision International People Group Public Limited; the National Institutes of Health (Grant RO1HD30880), the National Science Foundation (Grant SES92-23326), the World Bank, the Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs (through the Stockholm Institute of Transition Economics), the Ford Foundation, and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The World Bank provided major funding for the first year of the project. In 1993 USAID and the World Bank provided some support to keep research going for a second year. Then, for about a decade, it was USAID and the NIH that provided all support.