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Hazardous alcohol drinking in the former Soviet Union: a cross-sectional study of eight

Citation

Pomerleau, Joceline; McKee, Martin; Rose, Richard; Haerpfer, Christian W.; Rotman, David; & Tumanov, Sergej (2001). Hazardous alcohol drinking in the former Soviet Union: a cross-sectional study of eight. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 43(3), 351-359.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:
Hazardous consumption of large quantities of alcohol is a major cause of ill-health in the former Soviet Union (fSU). The objective of this study was to describe episodic heavy drinking and other hazardous drinking behaviors in eight countries of the fSU.

METHODS:
Data from national surveys of adults conducted in Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, and Ukraine in 2001 were used (overall sample size 18,428; response rates 71-88%). Heavy episodic drinking, high alcohol intake, drinking alcohol during the working day, and using illegally produced strong spirits were examined.

RESULTS:
On average, 23% of men and 2% of women were defined as heavy episodic drinkers (> or = 2 l of beer or > or = 750 g bottle of wine or > or = 200 g strong spirits at least once every 2-3 weeks). This was more common in young males, women who are single or who are divorced/separated/widowed, in smokers, and in frequent alcohol drinkers. About half the respondents who drank strong spirits obtained at least some alcohol from private sources. Among drinkers, 11% of males and 7% of women usually took their first drink before the end of working day.

CONCLUSIONS:
Heavy episodic alcohol drinking is frequent in males throughout the region--although prevalence rates may have been affected by underreporting--but is still relatively rare in women. Alcohol policies in the region should address hazardous drinking patterns and the common use of illegally produced alcohol.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agm167

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2001

Journal Title

Alcohol and Alcoholism

Author(s)

Pomerleau, Joceline
McKee, Martin
Rose, Richard
Haerpfer, Christian W.
Rotman, David
Tumanov, Sergej