Skip to main content

Family risk factors for development of dependency in a child


Surmacz, Marina; Tiszczenko, Eugeniusz; & Piecewicz-Szczęsna, Halina (2012). Family risk factors for development of dependency in a child. Hygeia, 47(1), 77-84.


Statistical data about Belarusian teenagers’ state of health testify to negative tendencies. Growth of death rate of population of productive age is observed. At the same time, it is proved that an increase of alcohol sale level on 1 liter per capita in Belarus is accompanied by an increase in the general death rate by 2.8%, in the death rate from external reasons by 5.8%, in the level of suicides by 5.9%.
For the purpose of own research data and the review of the published results we have been studying the influence on teenage risky behaviors in the sphere of health of such factors as: family structure (full/incomplete), financial status, nutrition of the child in a family, organization of leisure of the child and its motor activity, education of mother, the factor of transfer of medical information by parents to children, presence of bad habits in parents, their behavior in health sphere. The influence of the factors connected with training is also considered. The importance of warm psychological mutual relations with mother, danger of aggression in a family and parent deprivation are underlined.
Material & method.
The study surveyed first-year students of the Medical University in Grodno.
It is necessary to search for roots of alcohol dependence development in families. The first use of alcoholic drinks occurred during a family celebration in two thirds of the first-year students. Every tenth first-year student faced a problem of the excessive use of alcohol in the family. Alcohol consumption is a component of risky behavior in health sphere as a whole.
The analysis of influence of the above-stated factors has shown that they influence the state of health and behavior of children through social-psychological mechanisms. Emotional contact with parents is necessary for support of an adequate self-estimation of a teenager, aiding in formation of child’s own identity. A well-functioning family gives the child a system of values positively influencing the development of a spectrum of personal values in the sphere of health.

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title



Surmacz, Marina
Tiszczenko, Eugeniusz
Piecewicz-Szczęsna, Halina