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The Management of Acute Myocardial Infarction in the Russian Federation: Protocol for a Study of Patient Pathways

Citation

Kontsevaya, Anna; Bobrova, Natalia; Barbarash, Olga; Duplyakov, Dmitry; Efanov, Alexey; Galyavich, Albert; Frants, Maria; Khaisheva, Larisa; Malorodova, Tatyana; & Mirolyubova, Olga, et al. (2018). The Management of Acute Myocardial Infarction in the Russian Federation: Protocol for a Study of Patient Pathways. Wellcome Open Research, 2(89). PMCID: PMC5930545

Abstract

Background: Death rates from cardiovascular disease in Russia are among the highest in the world. In recent years, the Russian government has invested substantially in the healthcare system, with a particular focus on improving access to advanced technology, especially for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). This protocol describes a study to understand the management of AMI in different Russian regions, investigating the role of patient, clinical, and health system characteristics. Methods: A prospective observational study has recruited a representative sample of AMI patients within 16 hospitals from 13 regions across Russia. Criteria for inclusion are being aged 35-70 years with a confirmed diagnosis of AMI and surviving until the day after admission. Information being collected includes health system contacts and features of clinical management prior to the event and in the 12 months following discharge from hospital. Following initial exploration of the data to generate hypotheses, multivariate analyses will be applied to assess the role of these characteristics in both treatment decisions and any delays in time critical interventions. Between June 2015 and August 2016, 1,122 patients have been recruited at baseline and follow-up to 12 months post-discharge is scheduled to be completed by autumn 2017. The study is unique in examining patient factors, clinical management prior to admission and in hospital in the acute phase and throughout the critical first year of recovery across a diverse range of geographies and facilities. It uses standardized instruments to collect data from patients and health care providers and includes regions that are diverse in terms of geography and development of cardiology capacity. However, given the limited health services research capacity in the Russian Federation, it was not possible to obtain a sample that was truly nationally representative. Keywords: myocardial infarction, health seeking behaviour, health services research, patient pathways.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.12478.2

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2018

Journal Title

Wellcome Open Research

Author(s)

Kontsevaya, Anna
Bobrova, Natalia
Barbarash, Olga
Duplyakov, Dmitry
Efanov, Alexey
Galyavich, Albert
Frants, Maria
Khaisheva, Larisa
Malorodova, Tatyana
Mirolyubova, Olga
Nedbaikin, Andrei
Osipova, Irina
Platonov, Dmitry
Posnenkova, OIga
Syromiatnikova, Liudmila
Leon, David A.
McKee, Martin

PMCID

PMC5930545