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Smoking among industrial workers in Brazil: association with sociodemographic factors, alcohol consumption, and stress levels

Citation

Silveira, Pablo Magno da; Silva, Kelly Samara da; Mello, Gabrielli Thais de; Knebel, Margarethe Thaisi Garro; Borgatto, Adriano Ferreti; & Nahas, Markus Vinicius (2020). Smoking among industrial workers in Brazil: association with sociodemographic factors, alcohol consumption, and stress levels. Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia, 46(1), e20180385. PMCID: PMC7462670

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of smoking, as well as its association with sociodemographic factors, alcohol consumption, and stress levels, among industrial workers in Brazil. METHODS: This was a nationwide survey, conducted in 24 capitals in Brazil through the application of a pre-tested questionnaire. The response to the question "What is your smoking status?" was the outcome variable. To determine the associations, we performed Poisson regression analyses in which the inputs were blocks of variables: block 1 (age and marital status); block 2 (level of education and gross family income); block 3 (geographic region); and block 4 (alcohol consumption and stress level). All analyses were stratified by gender. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 47,328 workers ≥ 18 years of age, of whom 14,577 (30.8%) were women. The prevalence of smoking was 13.0% (15.2% in men and 7.9% in women). Advancing age, alcohol consumption, and a high stress level were positively associated with smoking. A lower risk of smoking was associated with being married, having a higher level of education, and living in the northeastern region of the country (versus the southern region). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of smoking was greater in men than in women. Alcohol consumption and high stress levels appear to promote smoking.
Publisher: Abstract available from the publisher.
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Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2020

Journal Title

Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia

Author(s)

Silveira, Pablo Magno da
Silva, Kelly Samara da
Mello, Gabrielli Thais de
Knebel, Margarethe Thaisi Garro
Borgatto, Adriano Ferreti
Nahas, Markus Vinicius

PMCID

PMC7462670