Tapilina, Vera Sergeevna (2002). Socioeconomic inequality and public health in Russia.
The main idea of the research is to study the effect that socioeconomic inequality produce on the health of the population in Russia in the mid-1990s. The objective of this work is to show, first, the relation between the people's health distinctions and inequality in their living standards and, second, the relation between health differentiation and socioeconomic status of the people--their position on the scale of objective and subjective socioeconomic stratification. The research was made on two levels micro level (individuals and social groups) and macro level (the population of the regions-subjects of the Russian Federation). On the micro level, subjective and objective health indicators are used: self-estimates and various types of deviations from physical well-being. Economic status of an individual or his/her position in the system of economic inequality (micro level) is considered taking into account subjective indicators (self-estimates of position in the hierarchy on economic well-being) and objective (current income). Information base of this part of the study is the data of the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS) in which approximately 11,000 people in 4,000 households was surveyed annually. On the macro level, the generalized medico-demographic indicators--population and infantile death rate, morbidity rate--are analyzed. To measure socioeconomic inequality more than 20 living standard indicators are employed. The data used in this part of the study are taken from official statistics. To study the relation between socioeconomic inequality and health factor and correlation analysis, multiple linear regression and health concentration index are applied.
Tapilina, Vera Sergeevna