Rands, Tania (1997). The division of household labor in post-Soviet Russia.
Draws on a newly available nationally representative data set (the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey) on individuals & households since 1992 to explore the division of household labor among married couples in post-Soviet Russia. Current theories in the US literature explaining differences in marital housework sharing & the Soviet literature on time usage & the "second shift," 1920s-1980s, are examined, & husbands' & wives' time usage is explored in terms of hours worked outside the home for pay, household tasks, child care, & leisure. It is found that even with time spent on paid & unpaid work combined, Russian husbands work less than 70% as many hours as Russian wives. Regression analysis is performed to test for predictors of husbands' participation in housework & child care. Limited support is found for resource theory, more consistent evidence for demand/response capability theory, & possible evidence for display theory. The data set lacks attitudinal variables, & therefore, sex-role ideology theory remains to be tested. Richer data are needed for more nuanced explorations of the division of household labor in Russia.