Stewart, Orion (2010). Findings from research on active transportation to school and implications for safe routes to school programs. Journal of Planning Literature, 26(2)
This literature review identified common factors associated with active transportation to school (ATS). It used a conceptual framework of a child’s commute mode to school to classify 480 variables from forty-two studies that were tested for association with ATS. Four factors most frequently influenced ATS: distance, income, traffic and crime fears, and parental attitudes and schedules. Regular ATS results in more physical activity but research is lacking on other outcomes. Safe Routes to School, a program designed to increase rates and safety of ATS, can use an understanding of these influences and outcomes to more effectively allocate its limited resources.
Journal of Planning Literature