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Occupation segregation and gender earnings differentials in Slovenia


Banerjee, Arup (2007). Occupation segregation and gender earnings differentials in Slovenia. Master's thesis / Doctoral dissertation.


In communist Europe, households needed
at least two breadwinners to maintain a
stable household income. Due to the relatively equal wage rate between men and women, there was a small, if any, wage gap between the two genders. Women and men chose different industries to work in due to their physical and mental capabilities, which most times would segregate the workforce based
on gender—thus, occupational segregation. After the fall of communism, these economies transitioned to a market based one. In this transition, wages become less standard and the wage gap between men and women became apparent. In some transition economies, occupational segregation has been shown to account for some of this gap. This study conducts an analysis on Slovenia’s gender wage gap. To date, there have been few studies on the late transition economies
and none with a focus on Slovenia. Using the Oaxaca-Blinder regression analysis of wage differentials, it studies Slovenia’s economy using a sample from the Statistical Register, which contains 53,494 persons from 2001. The study proves that in Slovenia there is occupational segregation amongst most industries and that this difference cannot significantly account for any proportion of the overall gender wage gap.


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Banerjee, Arup